Selection of references used to construct the 2-minute questionnaire:

  1. Cadarette SM, Jaglal SB, Murray TM, McIsaac WJ, Joseph L, Brown JP. Evaluation of decision rules for referring women for bone densitometry by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. JAMA. 2001;286:57-63.
  2. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, et al. Risk factors for hip fractures in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1995;332:767-73.
  3. Haugeberg G, Uhlig T, Falch JA, Halse JI, Kvien TK. Bone mineral density and frequency of osteoporosis in female patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2000;43:522-30.
  4. Jones G, Scott FS. A cross-sectional study of smoking and bone mineral density in premenopausal parous women: Effect of body mass index, breastfeeding, and sports participation. J Bone Min Res. 1999;14:1628-33.
  5. Kaye PS. Osteoporosis and fracture as a result of gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders. Pract Gastroenterol. 1999;March:15-34.
  6. Michelson D, Stratakis C, Hill L, Reynolds J, Galliven E, Chrousos G, et al. Bone mineral density in women with depression. N Engl J Med. 1996;335:1176-81.
  7. Ray WA, Griffin MR, Downey W. Benzodiazepines of long and short elimination half-life and the risk of hip fracture. JAMA. 1989;262:3303-7.
  8. Rosen CJ. Endocrine disorders and osteoporosis. Current Opinion in Rheumat. 1997;9:355-61.
  9. Skolnick AA. ‘Female athlete triad’ risk for women. JAMA. 1993;270:921-3.
  10. Swan KG, Lobo M, Lane JM, Nydick M. Osteoporosis in men: A serious but under-recognized problem. J Musculoskeletal Med. 2001;18:310-6.
  11. Tanaka T, Latorre MRDO, Jaime PC, Florindo AA, Pippa MGB, Zerbini CAF. Risk factors for proximal femur osteoporosis in men aged 50 years or older. Osteoporos Int. 2001;12:942-949.
  12. Touminen JT, Impivaara O, Puukka P, Ronnemaa T. Bone mineral density in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:1196-1200.
  13. Treasure J, Serpell L. Osteoporosis in young people: Research and treatment in eating disorders. Eating Disorders. 2001;24:359-70.
  14. Van Staa TP, Leufkens HGM, Cooper C. Use of inhaled corticosteroids and risk of fractures. J Bone Min Res. 2001;16:581-8.
  15. Lin JT and Lane JM 2004. Osteoporosis: A review, Clin. Orthop. Rel. Res. 425:126-134.